The inscribed ossuary of the high priest, Joseph, son of Caiaphas (Yosef Bar Kayafa), found in Jerusalem in 1990 (Josephus Ant. 18.35; 18.95). Caiaphas was the leader of the Sanhedrin from AD 18–36 and played an integral role in Jesus’ conflict with the Jewish leaders in the final week of his life (John 11:49–53; 18:14). Caiaphas presided over the evening trial in which Jesus confessed to being the Messiah and ultimately condemned him to death (Matt 26:57–68). The Israel Museum, Jerusalem (Photo by deror_avi; PD).